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Pro and cons of pacifier use

For a new parent, baby comfort is the top priority. So you might discover that the pacifier is a great help in the first part of your child’s development. However, there are many voices claiming that the pacifiers are harmful.

The benefits of using the pacifier

Some babies may be relieved by holding them in the arms, by the human contact and are happy to suck only during feeding. Others, however, have a constant need to suck, even if they are not hungry. If the baby still wants to suck, even after the meal, most likely a pacifier is exactly what he needs.

The pacifier replaces neither the food nor the maternal love, of course, but if the baby is still agitated even after feeding, defection, swinging or playing, a pacifier could help.

In addition, there is apparently a benefit to using the pacifier. Some studies have concluded that the use of a pacifier in infants may be correlated with reducing the risk of Sudden Death Syndrome.

However, the authors of the studies don’t claim that the pacifier prevents a tragedy, but only that there is a correlation between the two aspects.

The disadvantages of using the pacifier

Using the pacifier may increase the risk of developing otic infections. This risk is reduced in younger children, so using the pacifier up to the age of six months could be beneficial.

If you are breastfeeding the baby, don’t give him the pacifier too fast. Wait until the little one learns to suck better, when he eats very well at every meal and milk production stabilizes.

Using a pacifier can quickly become a difficult habit to give up, which is why many parents are reluctant to use a pacifier.

If you want to give your child a pacifier, but don’t want to deal with fights on this topic later, take the pacifier back when he is one year old.

Aspects to consider if you give your baby a pacifier

Let him decide if he wants to. If he takes it right away, that’s fine. If he resists, don’t insist. You can try again later or you can just give up

Offer the pacifier only between feedings, when you know that it is not hungry. Don’t use the pacifier to delay feeding or to replace the attention you should give him. In the limit situations, in which you have 2 more steps until you get home or in 5 minutes you will reach somewhere where you can feed him, of course this recommendation is not valid.

Give your baby the pacifier at bedtime, in the evening or during the day when is taking a nap. However, if the pacifier falls into bed or out of bed during the night, don’t give it to the baby until you have properly sanitized it.

Don’t clean the pacifier by putting it in your mouth. Just as it is not a good idea to feed him from your mouth, it’s not a great idea to suck the pacifier before giving it to your little one.
This habit can lead to the transfer of bacteria from the mouth of the adult to that of the baby, thus favoring the appearance of caries, since the eruption.

Pacifier use

Why babies cry on airplanes and how to calm them

Whether you are the parent, or simply an unlucky passenger, we must admit that a baby crying on the plane for hours can be very stressful, especially if you are on the road for a  vacation and you try to relax.

Why are babies crying on the plane
There are many reasons why babies cry when they travel by plane. By eliminating the usual ones – they are hungry, they need to be changed, they feel pain, tired or simply bored – babies feel discomfort when they go on the plane, discomfort caused by the pressure in the plane.

The ears of babies are completely different from the ears of adults, because they are not yet perfectly developed. In an interview, Dr. Simon Baer, ​​an ENT specialist, explained: “Certainly the main reason babies cry on the plane is related to the pressure they feel in the middle ear. In small children, Eustachian tube doesn’t function at the level it functions in adults. Even though it seems to us that there is no such pressure difference, the change is major for them. ”

The eustachian tube is the channel that connects the middle ear to the back of the nasal cavity, the one that connects to the neck. This channel controls the pressure in the middle ear, and since babies are not so well developed, they feel a kind of blockage in the ear, which can make them cry for hours, regardless of their parents’ efforts to calm them down.

What can you do to keep your baby from crying on the plane?

A simple trick to avoid crying on the plane would be to make sure the little one is awake both at take-off and landing, and to give him the bottle or to breastfeed at these times.

When he swallows, the baby removes from this pressure that he feels, and this can make him stop crying. In this way, he doesn’t feel the discomfort so much. Even a pacifier can be helpful at this time.

Babies cry on airplanes

10 Signs your child is ready to start potty training

Going to the potty or the toilet seems to be a challenge for many parents. Urologist Steve Hodges recommends not to train the children in the potty,  because this training has several negative effects.

Going to potty should come naturally, with the initiative of the child. The specialists say that the presentation of the pot or toilet should start with the age of 2 years old and not earlier, without trying to determine the child to choose this option. Also, urologists tell us that, in fact, very few children are really prepared to do their needs in the potty or in the toilet under the age of 3 years.

Pediatricians around the world draw our attention to the fact that, before we start presenting the baby’s potty or toilet, there are several signs that we must take into account:

  1. The baby’s diaper is dried for at least 2 hours – this means that the bladder has continence. By the age of 2, the urinary system of the child is not sufficiently developed, the child urinating often, only at this age begins the formation of urinary continence (the bladder muscles develop and this can retain urine).
  2. The baby’s diaper is dry after the day’s sleep.
  3. The child begins to dislike the wet or dirty diaper and begins to pull it.
  4. The child manages to identify the need, announces it before it happens in a diaper.
  5. The child shows interest in using the toilet, imitating the adult.
  6. It can hide to urinate. There are situations when he urinates in a toy toilet.
  7. The child asks for a toilet or a pot.
  8. Can sit on pot or chair (even with diaper) for a longer time, spontaneously or on request.
  9. The child can remove the diaper, respectively the pants / skirt.
  10. The child exceeded the period of negation specific to the age of 1-2 years, being in a period of cooperation, in which he manifests his independence (he climbs stairs alone, he eats alone, he tries to dress and undress alone, trying to wash alone, etc.).
Potty training

Medicines that are forbidden during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the baby is connected to you through the placenta. Eat the same goodies, feel the same emotions, treat with the same medicines. Here are some medicines that are forbidden during pregnancy.

The fetus breathes and nourishes thanks to the transfer of oxygen and nutrients that is produced through this fleshy organ, consisting of two faces, a maternal and a fetal one. So whatever you eat, all the medicines you take, get to the fetus.

If you suffer from a condition even before you become pregnant (such as asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes, etc.) or become ill during pregnancy, you should talk to your doctor and not take any medicine without his advice, because there are medicines forbidden in pregnancy due to their influence on the fetus.

Also, thyroid hormone deficiency is a condition that must be treated without stopping, so you should strictly follow the instructions and doses prescribed by your doctor.

Thus, from the point of view of the degree of influence on the fetus, the medicines are divided into several categories:

Category A – medicines that have been tested during pregnancy in both humans and animals, finding that they present no risk to the baby or to the life of the future child. Basically, these are 100% safe medicines. This category includes polyvitamins, minerals, folic acid, progesterone supplements and antispasmodics.

Category B – medicines that have been tested on animals and have been shown that not lead to malformations of the baby. These include antibiotics (penicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, erythromycin) and paracetamol.

Category C – medicines that may have side effects on the fetus, but which are prescribed during pregnancy when the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the fetus. There are no studies on animals or human subjects that demonstrate their negative effects. Some antibiotics, such as kanamycin, are included in this category.

Medicines and pregnancy

10 Tips for an easier labor

No matter how much information you have about the pain associated with labor, you will not really understand it until you will experience it. The way you decide to manage it belongs to you. Here are some tips for an easier labor.

Women who stay in shape usually have fewer labor hours. Take a walk, swim, do prenatal exercises. It really helps!

Familiarize yourself with the stages of birth and the procedures that relax you in those moments. You will feel less anxiety if you know what happens to your baby and your body during birth.

Choose the person who will be with you during the birth. The support coming from her is very important.

At first birth, labor lasts, on average, from 12 to 14 hours. So don’t worry since the first contractions you will feel in the lower back because it will last many hours until the baby is born. Take an easy walk, a shower or other activities that relax you.

Take a light snack. It can help and energize you. But avoid heavy and fatty foods!

Take a shower. The pain can cause muscle tension and cause even more discomfort. A warm and relaxing shower can help and is indicated at any stage of labor.

Make a bath in the bathtub. It helps even more than the shower.

Studies indicate that women who are massaged have a less painful labor. If you stimulate a painful area, by pressing or applying heat, the pain messages that are sent to the brain are less intense.

Walk around and stand up. Gravity acts even during birth.

Proper breathing helps you concentrate during contractions, and slow breathing relaxes you in between them. Use the methods you know that help you in your daily life: music, think about a favorite place or movie, etc. Any method of relaxation is indicated.

Tips for an easier labor

What viruses can pass through the placenta?

By far, viruses determine the most dangerous type of infection that crosses the placenta barrier. Higher risks occur when the infection starts in the first trimester, as it may affect the baby’s development.

The most dangerous infections transmitted by the placenta are: herpes simplex, viral hepatitis, influenza, mumps, varicella, syphilis, listeriosis, toxoplasmosis or cytomegalovirus infection.

What risks involve infections during pregnancy

For example, if it occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy, rubella can cause miscarriage or deafness.

Hepatitis is transmitted to the fetus, herpes affects the brain, lungs and liver, and the cytomegalovirus increases the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, enlarged liver or spleen.

Toxoplasmosis, although harmless to the mother, can cause severe anomalies in the fetus.

Placenta and viruses

How to relieve back pain during pregnancy

If your back hurts during pregnancy, the suggestions below might be helpful. But beware: if the back pain during pregnancy is intense and doesn’t disappear, go to the doctor! It can signal a very serious problem.

The doctor will determine the exact cause, as a back pain can sometimes indicate a urinary tract infection or threat of abortion.

Prevention, the key to treatment
The measures are simple, effective and refer to a healthy and balanced way of life. This includes: dieting properly (not to gain too many kilos), exercise (both before and during pregnancy), proper body position and back protection.

What you can do if your back hurts during pregnancy
Put a bottle of hot water on the problem area. Even if a warm bath is, in most cases, the best solution for back pain, don’t give in to temptation. Hot water can cause contractions.

Apply cold compresses locally. Yes, it seems contradictory, but the pain can also disappear with cold temperatures. Therefore, if your back hurts during pregnancy, use cold compresses or, instead, an ice bag from the freezer, wrapped in a towel.

Do exercises to relax your back muscles. Sign up for a pregnancy gym or have an easy massage with your partner.

Use special ointments, but only at the advice of the doctor, who will prescribe the safe ones in pregnancy.

Back pain during pregnancy

How to raise a happy child

All parents want to have a happy child, but how do you raise a happy child? A happy child is a fulfilled child and a future adult with an extra chance to have a beautiful life. A happy child is a healthy child so it is very important to find, those ways to grow a happy child.

Give up or limit what is really needed in the extra activities. A happy child is a child who enjoys his time and has a light rhythm of life. It is an exaggeration without benefits to load its program with dozens of extracurricular activities. Choose what he likes and what suits him.

Don’t raise the tone. You can argue with a child, speaking normally. Any phonic aggression is useless and will destroy the joy of your child.

Read to him in the evening. This means that you will dedicate yourself totally to your child for an hour, and he will enjoy these moments to the fullest. Reading to him in the evening will make him understand what a wonderful world it is between the covers of a book and, in turn, he will discover the joy of reading.

Let him have moments of sadness and anger. Only by manifesting will he understand how to control them and only by having his moments of sadness and dissatisfaction he will understand how it is to be happy. Happiness is learned like many other things only through one’s own experiences.

Help and support him to develop his talents. Don’t force him to do a certain thing, but encourages him. Don’t ask for performance, but stimulate him. Don’t require rigor, but respect his program and impose it.

Let him get in problems and solve them alone, as much as he can. Watch out, but don’t help him! The happiness of overcoming difficult times is huge and it is an excellent life lesson.

Help him without hesitation when he really needs it. Teach him to help those around him. Let him help you! This is also a precious lesson about happiness. The child must learn that it is more joy to help than to receive help.

Trust him! Trusting your child is an elevated form of self-confidence. In addition, the parent’s trust in their child is a source of happiness for both the child and the parent.

How to raise happy kids

How to encourage independence in your child

Independence is not something your children learn by themselves. They have neither the perspective, the experience nor the skills necessary to separate from you. Independence is rather a gift that you can give to your child and that he will enjoy all his life.

In order to encourage independence in your child, you need the following:

• Your child should receive love and respect;
• You need to trust your child’s potential;
• You must teach your child to have control over his own life;
• You must guide the child to freedom to make his or her own decisions.

Teach him about responsibility

One of your missions as a mother is to explain to your child what responsibility is. The best way to do this is to determine what his responsibilities are as a child, but to show him that you also fulfill your responsibilities. When the little one has a clear picture of what is expected of each of you, then it will be easier to fulfill your duties.

Make a list of what you need to do to help your child to succeed. After that, make a list of the responsibilities of the little one. Then, identify the other people your child needs to fulfill their responsibilities (such as the father, teachers, etc.).

Ask questions

Children have the cynical impression that what is happening is not from their fault. When the little one distinguishes the bad from the good, he will become more independent. It is important to teach the little one that he has to be responsible for his own actions. Children are tempted not to be responsible for their actions in order to protect themselves from failure. They blame external factors such as other people, bad luck or injustice, thus protecting their own ego.

Encourages exploration

When you have a small child, you are tempted to keep it short because you want to protect him. This care gives the little child a sense of security because they know they have a safe place to go if they venture too far and that you are there to protect them if needed. There is, however, a very fine line between safety and addiction. When your child feels safe, you should encourage him or her to explore beyond his or her comfort zone. Thus, children test their own skills and develop competencies and gain independence.

Independence and children

The ideal foods for your kids

A list of ideal foods for children is useful and should be respected because if a child has a proper diet it has the highest chance of becoming a healthy adult. A useful tool in establishing the elements of the child’s diet is the food pyramid created for them.

This pyramid is different from that of adults, by the size of the recommended portions and by the different contribution of some key nutrients – calcium, iron, sodium, fats, proteins and not last, water intake. The amount of food must take into account the caloric needs of the child depending on his age and the level and intensity of physical activity that he practices.

Therefore, at the base of the child’s diet will be complex carbohydrates, moderately divided (bread, cereals, rice, butters, pasta). Fresh and dietary cooked fruits and vegetables constitute the next class of mandatory food in the child’s diet, due to the intake of fiber, enzymes, multivitamins and minerals they contain.

Light meat, fish, eggs contain protein and provide iron for the child. The portions shouldn’t exceed 80-100 g meat per day, and the cooking method should be dietary – boiled, grilled or baked, not fried.

At the same level in the pyramid are dairy products – whole milk, cheese, yogurt, kefir, etc. They are important in the food pyramid, due to their high calcium, protein and vitamin D. content

The most limited level of the pyramid is the one that contains refined oils, fats and sweets and, therefore, they must be consumed very carefully and only occasionally, being rich in calories and low in nutrients. I

If you should to make a list of foods that should be found in the child’s diet, it should also contain products made from:

  • whole grains (rice, oats, whole wheat)
  • vegetables (with green leaves, rich in chlorophyll and pigments and with a darker color, rich in lycopene)
  • fruits (citrus fruits, rich in vitamins C, berries, rich in antioxidants)
  • egg (boiled sticky),
  • fresh cheese
  • turkey and salmon
  • dried beans, raw nuts and other oilseeds
  • spices – turmeric, peppermint, cinnamon
  • honey. Attention to honey! It is indeed a natural product, with multiple benefits, but the effect on body weight is the same as in the case of sugar.
Foods for kids

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